What is anesthesia?
What To Expect
Most pets receiving anesthesia at Creekside Veterinary Hospital can expect the following:
Our team will want to make sure your pet is in the best possible condition before surgery and anesthesia. You will be asked important questions about your pet’s general health, including whether he or she has had difficulties with anesthesia.
A thorough evaluation of the history, physical condition, and past and current medications of your pet will be completed before preparing an anesthetic plan. The physical exam emphasizes musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and respiratory function to ensure your pet will have the safest anesthetic procedure possible. We will then consider the type and duration of your pet’s procedure and prepare an anesthetic plan. We will use this plan to evaluate, prepare, and conduct the anesthesia administration and recovery of your pet.
Types of Anesthesia
Preemptive analgesia: Prevention or minimization of pain by the administration of analgesics before the production of pain, to provide a therapeutic intervention in advance of pain.
Local anesthesia: Local anesthesia is the blocking of pain in a specific location of the body, such as a tooth or skin.
Regional anesthesia: Regional anesthesia blocks pain in a larger area of the body, such as the entire lower half of the body. This occurs by blocking nerve impulses between the brain and the specific region of the body.
General anesthesia: General anesthesia renders the patient unconscious, as nerve impulse transmission is inhibited in the brain. This “blocks” pain for the patient throughout the entire body.
Methods of Administration
Anesthesia can be started by an intravenous injection so the patient becomes unconscious rapidly (this is the most common application of anesthesia).
Anesthetic agents may be breathed by your animal until they lose consciousness, called inhalation induction.
In a multimodal approach, we may administer multiple drugs that act by different mechanisms of action to produce the desired analgesic effect.
Heart rate and pulse strength
Capillary refill time
Mucous membrane color
Arterial blood pressure (direct and indirect)
Central venous pressure
Arterial and venous blood gases
Acid-base and electrolyte balance
Although anesthetics can provide complete pain relief and loss of consciousness during an operation, there are occasionally side effects, such as decreased breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. Our team is trained to ensure that these effects are minimized and addressed before they become problematic.